C. Harry Knowles
KSTF Founder and Chairman, Board of Trustees
Harry Knowles has long recognized the critical importance of quality science and mathematics teaching to our nation’s well-being and economic competitiveness. Harry and Janet Knowles established the Janet H. and C. Harry Knowles Foundation (KSTF) in 1999. Dr. Knowles established Metrologic Instruments, a pioneering force in the data-capture industry, in 1968, and led the company until his retirement in 2006; the company prospered from its technical innovations. Metrologic is now a part of Honeywell International, Inc.
Dr. Knowles is among the nation’s most prolific living inventors. He is named inventor or co-inventor on over 370 patents with more pending. He was inducted into the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame in 1995. His inventions and developments include: the basic concepts underlying “Moore’s Law” (1964); the 2N2222 “Star Transistor”, still an active design (1961); first hand-held bar code scanner intended for retailers 1975); and the first mini-slot scanner for non-supermarket retailers (1985).
From 1962 to 1967, prior to founding Metrologic, Dr. Knowles directed Westinghouse’s micro-chip operations. From 1958 to 1962, he led R&D at Motorola Semiconductors, where he directed Motorola’s advanced transistor and integrated circuit operations. At Motorola, Dr. Knowles implemented some of the world’s first high-speed wire bonding, die bonding, computerized testing, and other volume production techniques.
From 1953 to 1958, Dr. Knowles was part of Bell Telephone Laboratories, where he published papers on the design of Zener Diodes and on the theory of Hyper-Abrupt PN Junctions. While at Bell Labs, he directed efforts on the UHF transmitter transistor for the nation’s first satellite, Project Vanguard, as well as the digital Germanium Mesa Transistor that served the late 1950s and 1960s generation of computers.
A native of Birmingham, Alabama, Harry Knowles earned a BS in Physics from Auburn University, and a MS in Physics from Vanderbilt University. In May 2008, Auburn University awarded Dr. Knowles an honorary doctorate. Dr. Knowles has lived in Auburn, Alabama since 2010, when he moved from Hanover, NH.